Created on: March 11, 2011 Last Updated: March 14, 2011
Pre-eclampsia is a disorder characterized by protein in the mother’s urine and high blood pressure. These can lead to other dangers like stroke, multiple organ failure, seizure and worst of all, pose death to either the mother and/or the baby. The disorder is said to affect 3-8% of pregnant women, and related to HELLP Syndrome. Although rare, it is possible to have pre-eclampsia before the 20th week. The disorder commonly occurs after 37 weeks although it is believed to develop in the first 48 hours during labor or afterbirth. The signs can be mild or severe, but heals after the baby is born.
Signs of pre-eclampsia during pregnancy
It is common that most women do not show any signs of pre-eclampsia during pregnancy. This is because most signs are similar to effects of the body during pregnancy while others are plain silent.
According to Preeclampsia Foundation, common signs of pre-eclampsia during pregnancy include high blood pressure, swelling (edema), protein in the urine, headaches, nausea or vomiting, and rapid weight gain.
Other signs include shoulder and abdominal pain, pain in the lower back, racing pulse, vision changes, mental confusion, breath shortage, anxiety, and hyperreflexia. If you get any of these signs, consult your doctor.
Treatment for pre-eclampsia during pregnancy
The only and best treatment for pre-eclampsia during pregnancy is child delivery. After delivery, the mother will begin to feel better once again. However, there are signs of pre-eclampsia during pregnancy that needs special attention and observation. For example high blood pressure, vision changes, abdominal pain, or multiple organ failure.
The doctor will suggest some medication for these signs, but usually, he will recommend bed rest or hospitalization. Note that, if the baby is pre-term, the signs are manageable until the baby is born. However, labor is induced if the baby is close to term.
Prevention for pre-eclampsia during pregnancy
Administration of Vitamin C and E was used in the past to prevent pre-eclampsia during pregnancy as well as help in reducing risks of developing the disorder. However, according to PubMed.gov, combined intake of Vitamin C and E doesn’t reduce risk for developing pre-eclampsia during pregnancy.
The best way a pregnant woman can prevent pre-eclampsia during pregnancy is attending her pre-natal visits. In addition, reporting to the doctor any unusual signs during pregnancy will also help prevent the disorder from developing thus reducing adverse dangers to her and the baby.
Medicinenet.com- Pregnancy: Preeclampsia and Eclampsia
Baby Center- Preeclampsia
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